Twitter is simply a Web-based way to tell certain people know what you are currently doing in characters or less. The long definition is a bit more involved, but it does merit consideration.
Twitter is one of the most successful entries in what the industry now refers to as social media, online social networking, or Web 2. Using Twitter, you gather a number of followers. Then, from time to time, to tell them what you are doing, you type a little story known as a tweet in the industry in the Twitter GUI and click a button.
That tweet is then transmitted to all of your followers, and they can read, understand, reply, or not care accordingly. Shakespeare tells us that "brevity is the soul of wit. Actually, that limitation has nothing to do with Shakespeare: It has to do with limitations on mobile devices at the time Twitter was developed. But it is a welcome enforcement, as it prevents unnecessary spam and verbal clutter within a single tweet.Twitter REST api with Python and Oauth
Although the length of tweets is strictly enforced, the actual content of those tweets is not so strictly enforced. The original intent of Twitter was to tell your followers what you are doing right now. Needless to say, that is not always the subject of the millions of tweets issued daily. People will post opinions, headlines, links to their blogs, links to someone else's blog, and so on. So, new users of Twitter should be prepared to receive tweets that have nothing to do with the tweeter's current task.
Twitter also comes with an additional benefit associated with most if not all of Web 2. That's right, it doesn't cost you anything to join. It doesn't cost you anything to follow someone else. It doesn't cost you anything to have any number of followers. It doesn't cost you anything to tweet. It's just there for your consumption. By now, you have a broad overview of Twitter and what it does.
If you have not yet visited the Twitter sitenow is a good time before you go on with the rest of the article. Having covered the basics, you're ready to move on to the stuff that Web application developers enjoy.
Twitter is not only a useful tool within the social media space, it also offers developers a comprehensive array of services to enable automation of Twitter functionality. For the subject covered here, it is sufficient to state that REST enables developers to access information and resources using a simple HTTP invocation. As an example, imagine that FishinHole.
Users who access the site can see a variety of lures, reels, rods, and so forth. They do this the old-fashioned way: by clicking links. In this way, FishinHole. But FishinHole. So, instead of clicking around, the Web application obtains information about lures, reels, rods, and so forth with a simple HTTP invocation.
For our purposes here, that's really all it is. You can also think of it as a simplified Web service, but if you say that too loudly around the wrong people, you might find yourself in the middle of a debate.GitHub is home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together. If nothing happens, download GitHub Desktop and try again. If nothing happens, download Xcode and try again.
How To Use the Twitter API with C# (.NET) [in 4 Easy Steps]
If nothing happens, download the GitHub extension for Visual Studio and try again. You will need to authenticate with Twitter to use these scripts. To do so, sign up for developer credentials:.
You can create access credentials directly through Twitter's web interface, authorized under the username you used to create the app. If you want your application to act on behalf of other users for example, to post on behalf of several usernamesyou'll need to authorize each separately. To be guided through this process, run:. Skip to content.
Dismiss Join GitHub today GitHub is home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together. Sign up. Examples of using Python for Twitter social data mining, using the python-twitter-tools framework.
Python Branch: master. Find file. Sign in Sign up. Go back. Launching Xcode If nothing happens, download Xcode and try again. Latest commit.
Latest commit 46cf Nov 12, Usage These examples require Python 3.Using the Twitter API should be an easy thing, but sometimes pictures and simple code can save you that extra 5 minutes.
This post goes first goes over how to setup your Twitter developer account then goes over how you can search tweets using R and Python. Click on continue. Review Developer Terms and click on Create.
Access Data from Twitter API using R and Python
Second, click on create to get access token and access token secret. I should note that you should not try and copy my keys as I regenerated them after this tutorial. If you want to use R, you can use twitteR make sure you install first install the twitteR package. Most functionality of the API is supported, with a bias towards API calls that are more useful in data analysis as opposed to daily interaction. Read the user vignette if you want to learn more about how to use the package for your various needs.
The code below uses the Twitter search API. The code below uses the python-twitter package you can install using pip install python-twitter for searching. You can learn how to make your own query here. This tutorial was about getting you started with the Twitter API.
Twitter API for beginners
If you have any questions or thoughts on the tutorial, feel free to reach out in the comments below or through Twitter. Sign in. Michael Galarnyk Follow. Towards Data Science A Medium publication sharing concepts, ideas, and codes. Towards Data Science Follow. A Medium publication sharing concepts, ideas, and codes. See responses 5. More From Medium. More from Towards Data Science.
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Discover Medium. Make Medium yours. Become a member. About Help Legal.As for Twitter, its REST API allows you to read and write Twitter data; in other words, it can be used to create new tweets, read user profiles and the data of followers among other data from each profilesince it identifies the various Twitter applications and the users who register using OAuth authentication and authorization.
Most developers mix and combine both APIs to generate their own application. Specifically, the restriction is set up by the user, or better said, by a user access token. The frequency restrictions are divided into minute intervals and all the evaluation criteria require authentication so unauthenticated calls cannot be made to the API.
As mentioned at the beginning, the Twitter API, like those of other social networks, allows reading user profiles and publications in the social network, as well as generating tweets. Starting with this last option, which may be easier to understand, a basic use of the Twitter API in your company could be creating and publishing tweets after the occurrence of X requirementsso that whenever a series of circumstances took place, your company's profile would send out a corresponding tweet. For example, each time someone names your company in Twitter and includes the words "query", "question", please" or "thank you", you can create a default thank you tweet with your company's maximum response time.
Any bot in Twitter or profiles that publish automatic tweets normally uses the streaming Twitter API, based on an app created in this social network. The use of Twitter is based on accessing user profiles and publications in this social networkso we can create user patterns for our business or find out their degree of experience satisfaction.
A specific example: you are an airline and you want to know more about travelers' experience and the profile of the most frequent travelers. You can use the Twitter API to search for airports where your company flies to that include the word "flight", thereby obtaining data about how many users have complained on the social network about flight cancellations or delays and, for example, the average number of followers of those users.
Thus, even if these users are not your customers, you can find out which airports usually have the most problems and the types of users who use this social network to find this type of information or even as a customer service medium. Another practical example of how to use the API in a different industry could be to use it for a telecommunications company ; social network searches could be used to find out the most common reasons for cancelling the service and, again the profile of the customers most and least satisfied with your services.
In the case of a banksearches could be made on ATMs and specifically on robberies in ATMs or ATM malfunctions and to take measures, such as expanding security in the places with the most problems. Searches can also be more specifically filtered with terms such as "credit", "bank", "satisfied or good", "customer", "bank", "loyal" or "recommendable" to find out which services receive the highest satisfaction ratings from customers using Twitter.
The Twitter API is very easy to use. Here is all the documentation you need to start using the free resources of this social network to obtain more information for your business and better customer service.
Are you interested in financial APIs? App users must be aware that a button Therefore, app buttons must be designed in such a way that users should feel invited to interact with the interface and actually click on it.
Uses of the Twitter API in your business As mentioned at the beginning, the Twitter API, like those of other social networks, allows reading user profiles and publications in the social network, as well as generating tweets.
Case studies A specific example: you are an airline and you want to know more about travelers' experience and the profile of the most frequent travelers. Sign up! I have read, I understand and accept the processing of personal data. It may interest you.One thing that Python developers enjoy is surely the huge number of resources developed by its big community. Python-built application programming interfaces APIs are a common thing for web sites.
It's hard to imagine that any popular web service will not have created a Python API library to facilitate the access to its services. A few ideas of such APIs for some of the most popular web services could be found here. In fact, "Python wrapper" is a more correct term than "Python API", because a web API would usually provide a general application programming interface, while programming language-specific libraries create code to "wrap" around it into easy to use functions.
Anyway, we'll use both terms interchangeably throughout this article. In this blog post we concentrate on the Twitter APIshow how the setting up of your credentials goes with Twitter, and compare a few Python wrappers based on the community engagement.
Then we show a few examples of using the Twitter API for searching tweets, and creating a stream of realtime tweets on a particular subject. Finally, we'll explore the saved data. There are many APIs on the Twitter platform that software developers can engage with, with the ultimate possibility to create fully automated systems which will interact with Twitter. While this feature could benefit companies by drawing insights from Twitter data, it's also suitable for smaller-scale projects, research, and fun.
Here are a few of the most notable APIs provided by Twitter:. There are many more possibilities with the Twitter APIs, which are not included in this list. Twitter is also constantly expanding its range of services by adding new APIs from time to time, and updating existing ones.
Before using the Twitter API, you first need a Twitter account, and to have obtained some credentials. The process of getting credentials could change with time, but currently it is as follows:. And that's all. All of these parameters should be treated as passwords, and should not be included in your code in plain text. Python is one of the programming languages with the biggest number of developed wrappers for Twitter API.
Therefore, it's hard to compare them if you haven't used each of them for some time. Possibly a good way to choose the right tool is to dig into their documentation and look at the possibilities they offer, and how they fit with the specifics of your app.To try the sample, feel free to download a SoapUI Pro trial from our website.
The project structure is as follows, containing a number of resources for statuses, search and account information. To be able to run the requests in the project they need to contain valid OAuth tokens.
In this sample project this is achieved by an EventHandler that uses the google signpost libraries to sign the outgoing requests:. When starting SoapUI you should see them getting picked up in the soapui log at the bottom of the main window:. Next, you need set the required OAuth properties at the project level see the bottom left table of properties in the screen-shot ; the event-handler uses these to sign the request. More details on the Twitter API.
Download Twitter Sample Project. Toggle navigation Toggle navigation. Twitter Sample Project. Share this article:. Setting up OAuth 1. When starting SoapUI you should see them getting picked up in the soapui log at the bottom of the main window: Next, you need set the required OAuth properties at the project level see the bottom left table of properties in the screen-shot ; the event-handler uses these to sign the request.
All rights reserved.Last updated March 20, added a script for obtaining all followers of a Twitter user; updated with tweepy package. To start with, you will need to have a Twitter developer account and obtain credentials i. There are many other libraries in various programming languages that let you use Twitter API.
We choose the Tweepy for this tutorial, because it is simple to use yet fully supports the Twitter API. The other one called REST APIs we will talk about later in this tutorialwhich is more suitable for singular searches, such as searching historic tweets, reading user profile information, or posting Tweets.
You may request elevated access e. You will see tweets from your homepage in your screen. They are most recent statuses, including retweets, posted by the you and that your friends.
The data returned is in JSON format. It may looks too much for now; it will become clearer in the next step how to read and process this data. Below is one example tweet:. You can run the program and save the data into a file for analysis later using the following commend:. First, you can set different parameters see here for a complete list to define what data to request.
For example, you can track certain tweets by specifying keywords or location or language etc. Location is a bit tricky. Read here for a simple guide, and here for a complete guide. Also, we can use the streaming api to get tweets by a specific user. The follow parameter inside the filter fucntion can take an array of IDs to stream. The streaming API returns tweetsas well as several other types of messages e.
Here we demonstrate how to read and process tweets in details. Other data in JSON format can be processed similarly. For long-term data collection, you can setup a cron job. This library wraps the basic streaming API with several helpful features, such as organizing data into files by data, support for multiple feed types, and ensuring feeds remain active after interruptions.
You can run this library inside of crontab or supervisord. For explanations of these key types of data offered by Twitter, see the lecture slides on this course website. Then you can use search API like follows:. Alternatively, you can search with more parameters see a full list here. Twitter provides global trends and as well as localized tweets. The easiest and best way to see what trends are available and the place ids which you will need to know to query localized trends or tweetsis by using this commend to request worldwide trends:.